美国农业部正使用这七种手段防范非洲猪瘟
点击: 网友评论: 时间:2019-03-09 来源:文通网
 
  The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) said it is taking additional steps to keep African swine fever (ASF) from entering the U.S.
  
  美国农业部(USDA)表示,正在采取额外措施,防止非洲猪瘟(ASF)进入美国。
  
  Although ASF does not affect humans, it is highly contagious and deadly among pigs, cannot be cured and has no vaccine. ASF has been spreading throughout pig farms and wild boar in China and parts of Europe since last summer, and has resulted in the death or culling of hundreds of thousands of pigs. It recently was detected for the first time in Vietnam.
  
  虽然非洲猪瘟不影响人类,但在生猪之间却有高度传染性和致命性,无法治愈,也没有疫苗可用。自去年夏天以来,非洲猪瘟一直在中国和欧洲部分地区的养猪场和野猪间蔓延,导致数十万头猪死亡或遭扑杀。近期,越南首次发现了非洲猪瘟。
  
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  The USDA is taking the following steps to intensify the prevention of ASF’s entry into the United States:
  
  美国农业部正采取以下措施,加强防止非洲猪瘟进入美国:
  
  · Work with Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) to train and add 60 additional beagle teams for a total of 179 teams working at key U.S. commercial, sea and air ports
  
  · 与美国海关及边境保护局(CBP)合作,为在美国主要商埠、海港和空港工作的179个团队培训及增加60个比格犬小组。
  
  · Coordinate with CBP on the further expansion of arrival screenings at key U.S. commercial sea and air ports – including checking cargo for illegal pork/pork products and ensuring travelers who pose an ASF risk receive secondary agricultural inspection
  
  · 与美国海关及边境保护局协调进一步扩大美国主要商业海港和航空港的入境安检范围,包括检查货物是否存在非法猪肉/猪肉产品,并确保有ASF风险的旅客接受二次农业检查。
  
  · Increase inspections and enforcement of garbage feeding facilities to ensure fed garbage is cooked properly to prevent potential disease spread
  
  · 加强对餐厨垃圾饲喂设施的检查和执行力度,以确保餐厨垃圾被适当煮熟,以防止潜在的疾病传播。
  
  · Heighten producer awareness and encourage self-evaluations of on-farm biosecurity procedures
  
  · 提高养猪户的意识,鼓励养猪户对猪场生物安全程序进行自我评估。
  
  · Work to develop accurate and reliable testing procedures to screen for the virus in grains, feeds and additives, and swine oral fluid samples
  
  · 制定准确可靠的检测程序,以筛查谷物、饲料和添加剂以及猪口服液样本中有无非瘟病毒。
  
  · Work closely with officials in Canada and Mexico on a North American coordinated approach to ASF defense, response and trade maintenance
  
  · 与加拿大和墨西哥官方密切合作,以北美协调的方式进行非洲猪瘟防御、反应和贸易维护。
  
  · Continue high-level coordination with the U.S. pork industry leadership to assure unified efforts to combat ASF introduction
  
  · 继续与美国猪肉行业领军企业进行高层协调,一致努力打击非洲猪瘟的引入。
  
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  “We understand the grave concerns about the ASF situation overseas,” said USDA Undersecretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs Greg Ibach. “We are committed to working with the swine industry, our producers, other government agencies, and neighboring countries to take these additional steps.”
  
  美国农业部负责市场营销和监管项目的副部长GregIbach表示:“我们理解民众对于海外非洲猪瘟形势的严重担忧,同时我们也致力于与养猪业、生产商、其他政府机构及邻国合作,采取以上这些额外步骤。”
  
  New research out of Kansas State University has confirmed that animal feed contaminated with ASF virus can sicken swine, prompting scientists and industry leaders to call for caution among feed producers and importers.
  
  堪萨斯州立大学的最新研究证实,被非瘟病毒污染的饲料会使猪生病,这促使科学家和行业领导者呼吁饲料生产商和进口商保持谨慎。
  
  According to a press release from the National Pork Board, “one new practice designed to reduce disease transmission risk involves knowing exactly how long certain feed ingredients have been securely stored before allowing their use on pig farms.”
  
  此前,国家猪肉委员会的一份新闻稿表示,“一种旨在降低疾病传播风险的新做法是,在养猪场使用某些饲料成分之前,准确了解其安全储存的时间。”
  
  It is possible for swine disease viruses to survive in shipments of certain feed ingredients during shipping to U.S. ports and even to inland points of feed manufacture.
  
  在饲料跨洋运输到美国港口甚至内陆饲料生产点期间,猪病病毒可能在某些饲料原料的运输过程中存活。
  
  “A holding time of 78 days after the date of manufacture and bagging or sealing to prevent additional contamination (“born on date”) for amino acids, minerals or vitamins will degrade 99.99 percent of viral contamination. The holding time extends to 286 days for soybean meal to allow for similar viral degradation, once shipped to prevent additional contamination,” the press release said.
  
  新闻稿提到,“为防止氨基酸、矿物质或维生素受到额外污染,饲料在制造、装袋或密封(“生产日期”)之后保存78天,可以降低99.99%的病毒污染。豆粕的保存时间延长至286天,以便类似的病毒降解,从而避免运输时造成额外污染。”
  
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